House Training

House Training

A treat reward immediately following him doing his business in the right place will help you to communicate with your puppy and show that you are pleased with his behaviour.

Supervision
Close supervision is essential any time your puppy is indoors (or confined to a small area covered with newspapers) . It only takes a few seconds for your puppy to have a soiling accident, so watch for signs such as sniffing the floor, circling, or running out of sight suddenly.

Determine Puppy's Bad Habits
Keep a diary of your puppy's urinating and defecating times for several days or more. Determine the minimum interval between elimination. Subtract 15-30 minutes from this period of time and that will be your puppy's temporary "Safety Time". This is the duration of time he can generally be trusted to hold his urine after he is taken for a walk or has "gone" on his newspapers, provided he does not drink lots of water during this time. make sure however, that he is still closely supervised any time he is not confined to his cage or confinement area.

Frequent Access
Puppies need to urinate shortly after the eat, drink water, play, chew, or sleep. For most puppies over 10 weeks of age, that means upto 10 times a day! Adolescent dogs (from 6 to 11 mths. old) will need 4 to 6 walks a day. Adult dogs need 3 to 4 walks a day, and elderly dogs need at least 3 to 4 walks daily (incontinent dogs will need more).

Do Not Return From A Walk
If your puppy has been confined overnight, take him outside first thing in the morning (before he's had a chance to soil indoors.) Be prepared to stay outdoors with him until he eliminates. As soon as your puppy eliminates outdoors, offer him lavish praise and a treat. If you take your puppy back inside the house before he's fully eliminated, he will surely have a soiling accident indoors!

Early Interactive With People Is Important
Early and ongoing interactive socialisation with lots of friendly new people (including calm friendly children) is very important. If your puppy is not immunised sufficiently to taken for a walk, make sure to have lots of new people visit your puppy in your home. You can also carry your puppy outdoors to public places to properly acclimate him to the sights, sounds and activities of the outdoors (especially crowds of people and traffic noises) soon after he has received at least two injections, provided he is not placed on grass verges or streets, and he is not brought near other dogs (or anywhere other dogs might have been).

Praise & Reward
Delayed praise is not effective, so witnessing him going in the right spot is important.

No Access Areas
Many puppies and dogs prefer certain areas or surfaces to do their business on, such as rugs, carpeting, etc. Keep your puppy away from risky areas or surfaces whenever possible. If your puppy suddenly runs out of sight (ei: out of the room), he may be looking for a secret spot to do his business, so close doors to rooms where he may sneak in.

Odors
Should your puppy have a few soiling accidents despite your best efforts to prevent them, neutralise any soiled areas (carpet or floor surface) with an pet odor neutraliser.

Worms and Parasites
Contact your veterinarian if you suspect that your puppy has worms, coccidia, fleas, ticks, or other internal or external parasites.

After an accident
Never ever discipline (verbally or otherwise) your puppy or dog after-the-fact for soiling accidents that you did not actually witness.
 
Even if you should see your puppy do his business on the floor or carpet, harsh physical punishment is never recommended.